Nile Crocodile

Crocodylus niloticusNile Crocodile

Description: Adult Nile crocodiles are dark bronze with yellow green flanks and the belly is of a dirty purplish shade. The back is dotted with black spots while the flanks sport dark patches arranged in oblique stripes. The eyes are green.

Range: Southern and Central Africa, including Somalia, Ethiopia, Uganda, Kenya, Egypt, Tanzania, Zambia, Zimbabwe, and Madagascar.

Habitat: Coastal lagoons, estuaries, rivers, lakes, marshes, and the sea in some areas.

Reproduction: After mating, the female crocodile may lay 25-80 eggs in a nest hole on a riverbank, sandy shore, or dried out stream bed. The female will protect the offspring for up to two years and may form a crèche with other mothers in the area. Females have been observed protecting their young by placing them inside the mouth or in the throat pouch.

Diet:
Wild: Mainly fish, but this crocodile will attack almost anything unfortunate enough to cross its path, including zebras, small hippos, porcupines, birds, and other crocodiles. It will also scavenge carrion, and can eat up to half its body weight at a feeding.
Zoo: Chicken, deer meat, and rodents

Fun Fact: Nile crocodiles are the largest crocodilians in Africa, sometimes reaching 20 feet long.