Spotted Salamander

Ambystoma maculatumSpotted Salamander

Description: Spotted Salamanders are a heavy bodied species that reach a length of about 6-8 inches. Their body coloration consists of black to dark brown background coloration with two uneven even rows of yellowish orange spots that run for the head to the tip of the tail.

Range: Much of the eastern United States and South Eastern Canada as far south as Alabama and Georgia and as far west as Eastern Texas and Wisconsin.

Habitat: Deciduous forests with pools for breeding in the spring.

Diet:
Wild: Worms, slugs, insects, and spiders
Zoo: Worms and crickets

Reproduction: In early spring salamander migrate to seasonal rain filled pools to breed where females will lay about 100 jelly-like eggs which will hatch in to larvae with feathery gills. These larvae eventually lose their gills and sprout legs and emerge on land.

Fun Fact: Spotted salamander eggs contain algae which consume the carbon dioxide and nitrogen waste given off by the embryo and in return supply the embryo with the oxygen it needs for development.